“Scenario in Pakistan about unemployment”


Since independence, five labour policies have been announced by the government in the years 1955, 1959, 1969, 1972 and 2002, which laid down the parameters for the growth of trade unionism; protection of workers rights; the settlement of industrial disputes; and the redress of workers grievances. These policies also provided for compliance with international labour standards rectified by Pakistan.

Historically, the 1960s and the 1970s were a turbulent period in the history of Industrial Relations in Pakistan. Militant trade unions and equally intransigent management’s were locked in endless disputes conflicts over pay and working conditions. Strikes, go slows, lockouts and litigations were the most distinctive features of employer-employee relations. The concept of employers and employees working together in close cooperation to ensure productivity, profitability and growth of businesses and security of employment was largely non-existent. There was no realization that job security and appropriate wages were critically dependent on profitability and continued competitiveness of businesses.

Today, however, a different scenario is emerging. Sobered by the negative experiences of adversarial industrial relations over the past decade, trade unions are increasingly discarding militancy while employers are recognizing the need and benefits of co-opting labour as partners in productivity. Both employers and trade unions are progressively getting involved in bilateral dialogue as there is a growing realization that common interest of both employers and employees is best served by securing business profitability and growth. Enlightened elements within labour and employees organizations have come together to form the Workers Employers Bilateral Council of Pakistan (WEBCOP). WEBCOP emphasizes the need for an organized and sustained dialogue between employer and labour organizations based on bilateralism where the government adopts the role of a facilitator.

The constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan and international labour standards render definite obligations upon the Sate for the realization of human rights for all citizens, equally for men, women, young and old, Muslims and non- Muslims. In acknowledgement of these obligations, a new labour policy was formulated in 2002 (the first after 1972). This policy aims to guide administrative, legal and judicial actions of government, employers and workers in realizing labour rights and their welfare along with promotion of social justice. The government believes that such collective commitment to equity is necessary to achieve and sustain rapid economic growth in a globalized economy.

Youth unemployment!

The Problem

It’s not a secret that youth unemployment is a very pressing and actual topic in many countries. In Armenia the issue is even more serious as over a third of young Armenians don’t work. Such a large number of unemployed youth is worrying since it prevents socialization into the labor market and may provide other negative social consequences. The majority of those who dropped out of the labor market are not looking for a job. In Armenia, where the rate of poverty is extremely high, unemployed young people are one of the most vulnerable groups of the society, which are not motivated to actively participate in civic processes and in the public life in general. It causes low level of participation, apathy, but most importantly emigration of young people.

“Fight against unemployment”

“The fight against youth unemployment is the first priority”

The problem of unemployment is hanging like a sword of Damocles on the head of our country. Workless people can always be dangerous to the security of the state. The ‘fire of stomach’, as it is said, can lead them to commit any crime in the calendar. If they are not given a job by which they may earn their living honestly, they will have no other alternative than to beg or snatch their food.

Unemployment is the mother of all ills. ‘Idle person is a devils workshop’. It is a poison, which pollutes the society and wrecks the political fabric of the country. It turns law-abiding and honest men into criminals and dacoits. It encourages dishonesty, patronizes corruption and falsehood, and brings into light the dark side of human character.

It is difficult to expect truth, nobility and honesty from a person who cannot have two square meals a day, and who cannot provide a morsel of food or a dose of medicine to his sick wife or ailing children. He can have no sense of self-dignity, for he has no sense of security, “A ploughman on his feet”, says Franklin, “is higher than a gentleman on his knees.”

Hence the first priority should be to end this mother of disasters “Unemployment”,which is on daily basis eating our youth.

Dangerous effects of unemployment on Pakistanis……..

Unemployment is universally recognized as a bad thing. While economists and academics make convincing arguments that there is a certain natural level of unemployment that cannot be erased, elevated unemployment imposes significant costs on the individual, the society and the country. Worse yet, most of the costs are of the dead loss variety where there are no offsetting gains to the costs that everyone must bear. (Depending on how it’s measured, the unemployment rate is open to interpretation.

Many of the psychologists surely believe that unemployment is associated with poor mental health. Unemployment also effect the children with unemployed fathers are at risk of `socio-emotional problems, stressful behavior, less aspirations and expectations and this behavior can become a part of their lives.

We can easily have an estimation that how the unemployed emotionally, physically, socially and financially cope with joblessness. But the need is to stay positive and search for a job with appositive attitude. Otherwise Counseling can also help a family to deal with these issues. Try to be confident your self confidence will help you in motivation and the ability to perform well when applying for job vacancies.

“How to collect unemployment?”(Part 2)

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Complete an interview in person or by phone. To cut down on unemployment insurance fraud, many states require that people be interviewed over the phone or in person before benefits can begin. Benefits will usually be paid retro-actively to the date of termination. Be sure to have copies of your pay stubs, your most recent tax return, you birth certificate, and your Social Security number in case verification is needed

  • What can you expect in your phone interview? It’s a simple, fact-finding interview. You’ll be asked questions about your previous employment, along with basic questions about your application.

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Appeal a denial of benefits, if necessary. If you are denied for unemployment benefits, you may file an appeal to be reconsidered. You must file the appeal within 20 days of the denial.”Once the unemployment department receives the appeal, it will schedule a hearing before an impartial administrative law judge and mail you the results of the hearing.

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Collect unemployment benefits. The amount you earned while you were employed will determine your unemployment benefit. You will begin to receive a check from the state each week for a period of 26 weeks, possibly longer depending on whether there are extenuating prevailing economic conditions that prompt the state and federal government to extend benefits to some recipients.

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Continue to file for unemployment weekly or biweekly, depending on your state’s rules, until you secure a job or your unemployment benefit runs out. The subsequent application will be much shorter than the initial one. It will essentially ask if you procured work, and if so, how much money you made.

“How to collect unemployment?”(Part 1)

Losing your job can be an emotional and stressful experience. Before you can secure another job or source of regular income, you will likely have bills to pay and other monetary commitments that cannot be overlooked. Fortunately, you may be eligible to collect unemployment benefits that can sustain you in the meantime. Here are some tips on understanding how to qualify for and collect unemployment benefits.

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Locate your local unemployment office. Depending on the size of your state, there may be a single central office or several regional offices.
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Learn the requirements to determine if you qualify to collect unemployment benefits. There are certain circumstances under which you may not qualify, including if you did not make the minimum required earnings or if you are a self-employed contractor to a corporation. However, most people who have been laid off and who are in the work force for at least six months will qualify to collect unemployment benefits.
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Make sure your past earnings meet the requirements. States usually require you to have earned a certain amount during a one-year base period to qualify. The base period is usually the earliest four of the five complete calendar quarters before you filed your claim. For example, for a claim filed in December 2012, the base period would be July 2011 through June 2012.
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Make sure your reasons for leaving qualify you for unemployment benefits.Most states will accept certain reasons for leaving your job as legitimate — firings, layoffs — while denying others — quitting. Some exceptions exist.
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Make sure you are available and willing to work. The state may ask for records verifying your job search as well as for the results of your search. In order to collect unemployment, you must be actively looking for work, and if given a reasonable offer of employment, accept it. Exceptions to this rule often include

  • The job does not fit with your prior experience or career trajectory.
  • The job forces you to join a labor union.
  • The job is unusually dangerous.
  • The wages offered are substantially below the norm for that job.
  • The job would offend your religious or spiritual sensibilities.

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Fill out the required application for the state unemployment insurance. There will be questions such as, “When were you laid off?” “Are available for work?” and “Are you currently actively looking for work?” Standard information such as your name, date of birth, address and social security number is also be required.